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Monthly Report on Global Extreme Climate Events -----

Extreme climate events and weather-related disasters during this period

Extreme Climate Event

Highlight

  • Monthly mean temperatures were extremely high from the southern part of Eastern Siberia to western Japan, from southwestern Russia to southern Europe, in the Arabian Peninsula, from Mauritius to South Africa, from the eastern USA to southern Mexico, and from southeastern to western Australia.
  • Monthly mean temperatures were extremely low from the northwestern to southern USA.
  • Monthly precipitation amounts were extremely high from the Pacific side of northern Japan to the Ogasawara Islands of Japan, in northwestern Europe, in the southern part of West Africa, and from the eastern to southeastern USA.
  • Monthly precipitation amounts were extremely low from the Indochina Peninsula to Java Island.

TypeAreaRemarks
1WarmFrom the southern part of Eastern Siberia to western Japan
  • The monthly mean temperature in northern, eastern and western Japan was the first-tied, first and third highest for October since 1946, respectively.
2WetFrom the Pacific side of northern Japan to the Ogasawara Islands of Japan
  • Typhoon "HAGIBIS" caused a total of 83 fatalities from the Pacific side of northern Japan to the Pacific side of eastern Japan (Fire and Disaster Management Agency of Japan, as of 15 November 2019).
3WarmFrom southern China to southern Thailand
4DryFrom the Indochina Peninsula to Java Island
5WarmFrom southwestern Russia to southern Europe
6WetNorthwestern Europe
7WarmThe Arabian Peninsula
8Heavy RainFrom the northern to central part of Eastern Africa
  • It was reported that heavy rains caused a total of more than 110 fatalities in Ethiopia, Kenya and northern Tanzania (European Commission).
9Heavy RainSouthwestern Cameroon
  • It was reported that heavy rains caused more than 40 fatalities in southwestern Cameroon (European Commission).
10WetThe southern part of Western Africa
11WarmFrom Mauritius to South Africa
12ColdFrom the northwestern to southern USA
  • The monthly mean temperature in the northwestern USA was the second lowest for October since 1895 (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the USA).
13WetFrom southeastern Canada to the southeastern USA
14WarmFrom the eastern USA to southern Mexico
  • The monthly mean temperature in the southeastern USA was the third highest for October since 1895 (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the USA).
15Warm· DryFrom southern Brazil to southeastern Paraguay
16WarmFrom southeastern to western Australia
 

Extreme Climate Monitoring

Relevant Charts -Monthly-


Tokyo Climate Center, Climate Prediction Division, 1-3-4 Otemachi, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, Japan.
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