Recently, extreme climate events have caused many serious disasters such as droughts and floods throughout the world, creating significant social and economic impacts. The latest scientific research suggests that these extreme events are closely associated with climate variability such as El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO), the Asian Monsoon and Arctic Oscillation.
In order to mitigate the effects of such disasters, National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs) play an important role in providing the general public and decision-makers with monitoring results and timely predictions of climate variability.
The Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA) has been monitoring extreme climate events and the global climate system for two decades. In addition, the Agency operates numerical prediction models for long-rage forecasts and El Niño outlooks. JMA established the Tokyo Climate Center (TCC) in 2002 to meet the requirements of NMHSs and contribute to the climate services they provide in the Asia-Pacific region.
The Center was designated as a Regional Climate Center in Region II of the World Meteorological Organization as of 1 July 2009.
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