Major extreme climate events and weather-related disasters during this year
Annual mean temperatures were above normal in most parts of the world, and were extreme high in the following areas: the eastern part of the Eurasian Continent, the southern part of the North American Continent, the South American Continent, and the Australian Continent (except from the central to northwestern parts).
Extremely high temperatures were frequently observed in many parts of the world, although not so frequently as in 2016 when wide areas of the world was much affected by the El Niño event. In and around Saudi Arabia, extreme high temperatures continued eight consecutive months from April to November. They were observed for six months or more in the following areas: eastern Australia, from Mauritius to northeastern Mozambique, in and around the southern part of Western Africa, from the southwestern USA to Mexico, and from southern India to Sri Lanka.
Annual precipitation amounts were above normal in Southeast Asia, and in and around northeastern Europe, and were below normal in and around the Arabian Peninsula, from southern Europe to the northwestern part of Northern Africa, and eastern Brazil.
Extremely high precipitations were frequently observed in northeastern Europe, while extremely low precipitations were frequently observed from the Iberian Peninsula to the northwestern part of Northern Africa.
From northwestern Alaska to the northern part of Eastern Siberia
Heavy Rain · Typhoon
From Okinawa/Amami region of Japan to southeastern China
Typhoon · Heavy Rain
Southern Sri Lanka
From southern India to Sri Lanka
From South Asia to northeastern Afghanistan
May, July, September
The southeastern part of Central Asia
In and around Saudi Arabia
April, September–October, December
Warm · Dry
April–June, October (for Warm), March–May, September, November (for Dry)
From the Iberian Peninsula to the northwestern part of Northern Africa
In and around the southern part of Western Africa
Western Sierra Leone
Northeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo
February, April, June–November
From Mauritius to northeastern Mozambique
February, April, October
From southeastern Canada to the eastern USA
March, June, August, October–December
From the southwestern USA to Mexico
From the southeastern USA to Caribbean countries
From southwestern Colombia to Peru
January, March–April, June, October
In and around northwestern Argentina
January–March, May, July, October–December
The impacts of each disaster are based on EM-DAT and reports by United Nations organizations and each government.
D. Guha-Sapir, R. Below, Ph. Hoyois - EM-DAT: The CRED/OFDA International Disaster Database - www.emdat.be - Université Catholique de Louvain - Brussels - Belgium.