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Annual Report on Global Extreme Climate Events -----

Major extreme climate events and weather-related disasters during this year

Extreme Climate Event

Extreme Climate Monitoring

Relevant Charts -Annual-

Highlight

  • Annual mean temperatures were above normal in most parts of the world, and were very high in the following areas: from Alaska to northwestern Siberia, the southern part of East Asia, from Micronesia to the central part of Southeast Asia, the western part of South Asia, from Europe to Middle East, in and around the southern part of Eastern Africa, from the western to southeastern USA, from Central America to the eastern part of South America, and Australia. Annual mean temperatures were below normal from eastern Canada to the northern USA, and were very low in and around the northeastern part of Central Asia.
  • Extremely high temperatures were frequently observed in the Northern Hemisphere in its summer, especially record-high temperatures have been set in Europe, East Asia, and the southwestern USA. Seasonal mean temperatures in summer (from June to August) were the highest for the season in eastern Japan, Korea, China and the southwestern USA.
  • Annual precipitation amounts were above normal from Mongolia to northern China, from the eastern to central part of Central Asia, from the northwestern part of Middle East to the eastern part of Northern Africa, from southern Europe to the northwestern part of Northern Africa, and from the northeastern to southern USA. Annual precipitation amounts were below normal from the western part of Central Asia, from the northwestern part of South Asia to the southern part of Middle East, and southeastern Australia.
  • In Europe, a contrasting pair of extreme high and low precipitations were frequently observed in the southern and central parts, respectively.

TypePeriodAreaRemarks
1WarmJanuary-April, September-October From western Alaska to the eastern part of Eastern Siberia
  • Monthly mean temperature in Alaska in October was the highest on record for the month since 1925 (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the USA).
2WarmJune, August, October From the northwestern part of Eastern Siberia to the northwestern part of Central Siberia
3ColdJanuary, September, December From southwestern Mongolia to northwestern China
4WetJanuary, July-September In and around central Mongolia
5WarmMarch-August From northern Japan to northwestern China
  • Seasonal mean temperature in eastern Japan in summer (from June to August) was the highest on record for this season since 1946. Seasonal mean temperature in western Japan in summer was the second highest on record for this season since 1946. Also, 41.1 degrees Celsius was recorded at Kumagaya, Saitama prefecture on 23rd July, which is a new national maximum temperature record in Japan.
  • Seasonal mean temperature in Korea in summer (from June to August) was the highest on record for this season since 1973. Also, 41.0 degrees Celsius was recorded at Hongcheon on 1st August, which is a new national maximum temperature record in Korea (Korea Meteorological Administration).
  • Seasonal mean temperature in China in summer (from June to August) was the highest on record for this season since 1961. (China Meteorological Administration).
  • A total of 160 persons died of heatstroke from May to September in Japan (Fire and Disaster Management Agency of Japan, as of 25 October 2018).
6Heavy RainJune-July From eastern to western Japan
  • Heavy rains from the end of June to early July caused 224 fatalities in and around western Japan (Cabinet Office of Japan, as of 9 October 2018).
7WarmFebruary, May, July-August, October-December From northwestern Micronesia to the northwestern part of Southeast Asia
8Dust Storm· ThunderstormMay Northern India
  • It was reported that dust storms and thunderstorms in May caused more than 290 fatalities in northern India (the government of India).
9Heavy RainJune-September India
  • It was reported that heavy rains from June to September caused more than 1500 fatalities in India (the government of India).
10WarmJanuary, March, May-June, August, November From the southern part of Central Asia to the southeastern part of South Asia
  • It was reported that heat waves in May caused more than 180 fatalities in southern Pakistan (EM-DAT).
11WarmFebruary-March, May-June, September In and around Middle East
12WarmMay, July, November The northern Scandinavian Peninsula
13DryFebruary, May-November In and around central Europe
  • Seasonal precipitation amount in Germany in summer (from June to August) was the second lowest on record for this season since 1881 (Deutscher Wetterdienst, Germany).
  • Monthly precipitation amount in France in September was the third lowest on record for the month since 1959 (Meteo France).
14WarmJanuary, April-October, December From central to southern Europe
  • Monthly mean temperatures in Germany in April and May were the highest on record for respective months since 1881 (Deutscher Wetterdienst, Germany).
  • Monthly mean temperatures in the UK in May and July were the highest on record for respective months since 1910 (UK Met Office).
  • Monthly mean temperatures in France in April and July were the third highest on record for respective months since 1900 (Meteo France).
  • Monthly mean temperature in Spain in September was the highest on record for the month since 1965 (Agencia Estatal de Meteorologia, Spain).
15WetJanuary-June, August-October From southern Europe to the northwestern part of Northern Africa
16WarmJune, August-September, November From the western part of Western Africa to the northwestern part of Middle Africa
17Heavy RainJuly-September Nigeria
  • It was reported that heavy rains from July to September caused more than 300 fatalities in Nigeria (the government of Nigeria, EM-DAT).
18Heavy Rain· Tropical StormMarch-May From the northern to central part of Eastern Africa
  • It was reported that heavy rains from March to May and Tropical Storm "SAGAR" in May caused more than 500 fatalities from the northern to central part of Eastern Africa (the government of Rwanda, European Commission, United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs).
19WarmJune, August-September, December From Mauritius to northwestern South Africa
  • It was reported that heavy rains from March to May and Tropical Storm "SAGAR" in May caused more than 500 fatalities from the northern to central part of Eastern Africa (the government of Rwanda, European Commission, United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs).
20WetFebruary, May, August-December From the northeastern to southern USA
  • Monthly precipitation amounts in the northeastern USA in November were the third highest on record for the month since 1895 (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the USA).
  • Monthly precipitation amounts in the southeastern USA in May and December were the third highest and the highest on record for respective months since 1895 (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the USA).
  • Monthly precipitation amounts in the southern USA in February and September were the third highest on record for respective months since 1895 (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the USA).
  • Seasonal precipitation amounts in the southern, northeastern and the northern Midwest USA in autumn (from September to November) were the highest, the second highest, and the third highest for this season since 1895, respectively (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the USA).
  • Annual precipitation amount in the contiguous USA was the third highest since 1895 (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the USA).
21WarmFebruary, May-September From the southern part of North America to the central part of Central America
  • Monthly mean temperatures in the southeastern USA in February and September were the highest and the third highest for respective months since 1895. Monthly mean temperatures in the northeastern USA in August and September were the highest and the third highest for respective months since 1895 (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the USA).
  • Seasonal mean temperature in the southwestern USA in summer (from June to August) was the highest for this season since 1895 (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the USA).
22WildfireJuly-September, November The western USA
  • It was reported that the wildfire "Mendocino Complex" in July burned approx. 460 thousand acres (approx. 1860 km2), and the wildfire "Camp Fire" in November caused 85 fatalities. It was also reported that they were the largest and the deadliest wildfires in California since 1933, respectively (the state government of California).
23WarmJune, August-September Northeastern Brazil
24DroughtJanuary-March In and around northern Argentina
  • It was reported that the drought from January to March in and around northern Argentina caused agricultural losses estimated at US$3.4 billion in Argentina (EM-DAT).
25WarmFebruary, April, September From northern to central Argentina
  • Monthly mean temperature in Argentina in April was the highest for the month since 1961 (Servicio Meteorol?gico Nacional, Argentina).
26WarmJanuary, March-April, July, October-December From eastern to southern Australia
  • Monthly mean temperatures in Australia in January, April, and December were the third highest, the second highest and the highest for respective months since 1910. Monthly mean temperatures in both Queensland and New South Wales in the eastern states of Australia in October were the third highest for the month since 1910 (Bureau of Meteorology, Australia).
27DroughtJanuary-September Southeastern Australia
  • It was reported that the drought from January to September in southeastern Australia was the worst climate effect on farm cash income for the region since 1978, along with the 2002-2003 drought (the government of Australia).
  • Precipitation amount from January to September in New South Wales in eastern Australia was the third lowest for the period since 1900 (Bureau of Meteorology, Australia).
The impacts of each disaster are based on EM-DAT and reports by United Nations organizations and each government.
EM-DAT: The Emergency Events Database - Universit辿 catholique de Louvain (UCL) - CRED, D. Guha-Sapir - www.emdat.be, Brussels, Belgium.
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