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HOME > Climate and Outlook in Japan

Climate and Outlook in Japan

JMA routinely conducts long-range forecasting and issues monthly outlook, three-month outlook and warm/cold-season outlook. Please refer to calendar of these outlooks.

Forecasts of individual elements are given in the three categories of below normal, near normal and above normal. The thresholds of each category are determined so that the climatological chance of occurrence for each category is 33.3% for the period from 1991 to 2020.

JMA employs a dynamical method as a major long-range forecast technique. An outline of the operational ensemble prediction system is given on the Model Outline page. Empirical/statistical methods including Canonical Correlation Analysis and Optimal Climate Normals are also used for preparing the three-month outlook, the warm-season outlook and the cold-season outlooks.

For more general information on climate in Japan , please visit the JMA website.

Main Products

Monitoring Reports

Note: Figures of Monthly Highlights (May 2020) and Seasonal Highlights (Mar. - May 2020)
have revised at 06:15UTC on 10 June 2021 due to misuse of normal value data. (10 June 2021)

Grounds for the Outlooks

Please refer to the Monthly Discussion on Seasonal Climate Outlooks, a new comprehensive document intended to assist National Meteorological and Hydrological Services (NMHSs) in the Asia-Pacific region in interpreting and assessing WMC Tokyo's products for three-month prediction and warm/cold season prediction and in understanding the current conditions of the climate system.

Early Warning Information on Extreme Weather

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Tokyo Climate Center, Climate Prediction Division.
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