jma_logo Welcome to TCC wmo_logo
World Climate
Climate System Monitoring
El Niño Monitoring
NWP Model Prediction
Global Warming
Climate in Japan
Training Module
Press release
Home > Global Warming > Global Temperature > Winter (December to February)

Seasonal Anomalies of Global Average Surface Temperature in Winter (December to February) (1892 - 2019)

Select the Period --»

The seasonal anomaly of the global average surface temperature in Winter (December to February) 2019 (i.e. the average of the near-surface air temperature over land and the SST) was +0.36°C above the 1981-2010 average (+0.75°C above the 20th century average), and was the 3rd warmest since 1892. On a longer time scale, global average surface temperatures have risen at a rate of about 0.78°C per century.

Five Warmest Years (Anomalies)

1st. 2016(+0.60°C), 2nd. 2017(+0.40°C), 3rd. 2019(+0.36°C), 4th. 1998(+0.31°C), 5th. 2015(+0.29°C)


  • Seasonal Anomalies of Global Average Surface Temperature
  • Distribution of Surface Temperature Anomalies